Repetitions (SpeechRater™ Dimension)

Repetition in TOEFL Speaking

What’s Inside?

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Repetitions in TOEFL® Speaking refer to the repeated use of words or phrases in your speech. In the TOEFL® Speaking section, you are assessed on your ability to avoid repeating the same words or phrases over and over again in your responses. This means using a variety of different words and phrases to express your ideas and avoid repeating the same ones. A speaker who avoids repetitions in their speech will be able to communicate

their ideas more effectively and make their speech more engaging for the listener. However, it is important to note that the TOEFL® Speaking section does not assess your ability to avoid repetitions in isolation. Instead, it assesses your ability to use a variety of different words and phrases as part of a coherent and well-structured speech.

What is Repetitions in TOEFL® Speaking?​

Repetitions (Re) in TOEFL® Speaking is a SpeechRater™ indicator of your fluency. 

Re is a measure of how often you repeat the same words and phrases, including your repetitions to self-correct yourself.

You should repeat the same words less frequently and use a variety of words in your speech.

Your Repetitions Score​

Your Repetitions score is calculated based on [Information on how SR measures repetitions].

Repetitions is scored out of 100. Your score is indicated by the “You are here” line.

Tip: Learn more about how to read My Speaking Score charts, including the Impact score and what the coloured bars mean, in our knowledge base.


Why You Should Care

Increase Your Score

Make sure that you do not frequently repeat the same words and phrases in your speech. Stronger speakers

On My Speaking Score, remember to check your transcription to see if you use the same words and phrases often in your speech.

Remember, Repetitions is a measure of your fluency. It does not have a high impact on your speaking score, but a low repetitions score can decrease your SpeechRater score.

Check out our blog to learn more about how to improve your score in other dimensions! 

Frequently Asked Questions

How is the Repetitions Score Calculated?

The Repetitions score within the TOEFL Speaking section is determined by the SpeechRater™, an advanced automated scoring system. This system evaluates your speech based on the diversity of your vocabulary and the frequency of repeated words and phrases. The calculation considers the total number of unique words used, the contextual appropriateness of word choice, and the instances where a speaker corrects themselves by repeating phrases. By analyzing these elements, the SpeechRater™ assigns a score out of 100, where a higher score indicates fewer repetitions and a broader range of vocabulary used in your speech.

What Strategies Can Be Used to Increase Vocabulary and Reduce Repetitions?

To enhance your vocabulary and minimize repetitions, consider the following strategies:

  • Read Widely: Exposure to a variety of texts can introduce you to new vocabulary and different ways of expressing ideas.
  • Practice Synonyms: Regularly practice using synonyms for commonly used words. This not only expands your vocabulary but also prepares you to vary your language in real-time.
  • Engage in Active Speaking Practice: Participate in speaking exercises with peers or mentors, focusing on using diverse vocabulary. Request feedback specifically on your use of repeated words.
  • Utilize Flashcards: Create flashcards for new words and their synonyms. Regular review can help reinforce your memory and ease recall during speaking tasks.
  • Record and Review: Record your practice sessions, then listen back to identify and work on parts where you tend to repeat words or phrases unnecessarily.

How Does the Repetitions Score Compare to Other Components of the TOEFL Speaking Score in Terms of Importance?

While the Repetitions score is a critical aspect of evaluating fluency in the TOEFL Speaking section, it is just one of several components considered. Other factors such as coherence, grammar, pronunciation, and intonation also play significant roles in determining your overall speaking score. Although Repetitions is not the strongest predictor of your overall score, it’s important to balance your preparation across all aspects of speaking proficiency. Focusing on reducing repetitions can enhance your fluency, making your speech more natural and engaging, which indirectly supports your performance in other scoring areas.

ChatGPT & TOEFL® Speaking Prep

The AI-powered virtual assistant ChatGPT is an excellent resource for TOEFL Speaking practice. With carefully written instructions, it delivers beautiful responses to your inputs. Though you may need to ask a question more than once, the process of coaxing out various responses from ChatGPT is not only fun but also informative.

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